警惕!少女肥胖对身体伤害最大
来源:    发布时间: 2018-09-19 15:52   105 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px


研究发现,少女肥胖或过度肥胖会导致月经初潮提前,这会对其未来身体健康状况产生影响。智利大学女性健康研究中心对圣地亚哥1300多名女中学生进行了调查,研究社会经济状况、社交、饮食、体重等因素对少女月经初潮的影响。结果发现,体重对月经

研究发现,少女肥胖或过度肥胖会导致月经初潮提前,这会对其未来身体健康状况产生影响。智利大学女性健康研究中心对圣地亚哥1300多名女中学生进行了调查,研究社会经济状况、社交、饮食、体重等因素对少女月经初潮的影响。结果发现,体重对月经初潮时间影响最大,体重过重将导致月经初潮提前。 美国一项研究显示,与肥胖男孩相比,肥胖少女患高血压的风险大得多。这会让她们成年后患中风和心脏病的风险大大增加。

Studies have found that obesity or obesity in teenage girls can lead to premature menarche, which can have an impact on their future health. The Women's Health Research Center at the University of Chile surveyed more than 1,300 female high school students in San Diego to study the effects of socio-economic conditions, social interaction, diet, weight and other factors on the menarche of adolescent girls. It was found that weight had the greatest effect on menarche time, and excessive weight would lead to menarche. A study in the United States shows that obese boys have a higher risk of hypertension than obese boys. This will greatly increase the risk of stroke and heart disease in adulthood.

 


警惕!少女肥胖对身体伤害最大。研究人员在美国生理学协会会议上公布这一研究结果。

Be vigilant! Teenage obesity is the biggest bodily harm. The researchers released the findings at a meeting of the American Physiological Association.

 

食疗养生网相关文章阅读:蝉花中的药用价值和功效

Reading articles related to diet therapy and health preservation: medicinal value and efficacy of cicada flower

 

1、有关联

1, related

 

美国加利福尼亚大学默塞德分校研究人员调查1700名年龄为13岁至17岁的青少年,测量他们的血压、身高与体重,计算出他们的身高体重指数(BMI)。

Researchers at the University of California, Merced, surveyed 1,700 teenagers aged 13 to 17, measured their blood pressure, height and weight, and calculated their body mass index (BMI).

 

研究人员分别记下这些青少年的收缩压与舒张压。收缩压是心脏收缩时血液对血管壁产生的侧压力,这时的血压最大,亦称高压。两次心跳之间血液对血管壁的压力被称作舒张压,亦称低压。

The researchers recorded the systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of these adolescents respectively. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) is the lateral pressure produced by the blood on the wall of the blood vessel during cardiac contraction, when the blood pressure is the highest, also known as high pressure. The pressure between blood vessels on the two heartbeat is called diastolic blood pressure, also known as low pressure.

 

测量结束后,研究人员按照BMI指数把这些青少年分成体重正常、超重和肥胖组,按照血压情况再次把他们分成正常、低血压与高血压组。

After the measurements, the researchers divided the teenagers into normal weight, overweight and obese groups according to BMI, and then divided them again into normal, hypotensive and hypertensive groups according to their blood pressure.

 

经过比较,研究人员发现,BMI与收缩压密切相关。BMI越高,收缩压高的几率也就越大,这意味着患心脏病与中风的风险越高。

After comparison, researchers found that BMI is closely related to systolic blood pressure. The higher the BMI, the higher the risk of systolic blood pressure, which means the higher the risk of heart disease and stroke.

 

2、更危险

2, more dangerous

 

研究人员发现,肥胖男孩收缩压高的几率是体重正常男孩的3.5倍,肥胖女孩收缩压高的几率为体重正常女孩的9倍。

The researchers found that obese boys were 3.5 times more likely to have high systolic blood pressure than normal boys, and obese girls were 9 times more likely to have high systolic blood pressure.

 

加利福尼亚大学默塞德分校生理学与营养学助理教授鲁迪·奥尔蒂斯说:“整体来看,BMI与血压都高的人更容易在成年后因心血管疾病死亡。我们的研究显示,肥胖女孩比男孩更容易出现这些问题。”

"Overall, people with high BMI and high blood pressure are more likely to die of cardiovascular disease in adulthood," said Rudy Ortiz, assistant professor of physiology and nutrition at the University of California, Merced. Our research shows that obese girls are more prone to these problems than boys. "

 

先前人们认为雌激素有助保护心脏,但这一研究显示,肥胖带来的危害会与雌激素的保护作用相抵消。

Previously, estrogen was thought to help protect the heart, but this study shows that obesity can counteract the protective effects of estrogen.

 

奥尔蒂斯认为,男孩女孩间之所以存在巨大差异,是因为他们的锻炼程度不同,“肥胖女孩锻炼量只有肥胖男孩的50%至60%”。

Ortiz believes the big difference between boys and girls is because they exercise at different levels, "obese girls exercise only 50 to 60 percent of obese boys."

 

中医养生网推荐热点文章:中医养生网:蝉花的功效和食用价值

A hot article recommended by TCM health care network: Chinese medicine health care network: the efficacy and edible value of cicada flower

 

3、大问题

3, big problems

 

少年儿童肥胖问题已经成为不少国家面临的难题。世界卫生组织数据显示,过去25年间,全球儿童肥胖率迅速增长,当前全球约有10%儿童超重或肥胖。

The obesity problem of children has become a difficult problem faced by many countries. The World Health Organization (WHO) data show that childhood obesity rates have increased rapidly in the past 25 years, with about 10% of children worldwide being overweight or obese.

 

加利福尼亚大学默塞德分校的这一研究也引发一些反对之声。

The research at Merseyside of University of California also caused some opposition.

 

英国心脏基金会资深护士娜塔莎·斯图尔特说:“肥胖的确对孩子的身体健康有重大影响,但仅凭美国这项研究就下结论说肥胖女孩比男孩面临的风险大有些言之过早,可以肯定的是,肥胖无论是对男孩还是女孩都有害。”

Natasha Stewart, a senior nurse at the British Heart Foundation, said: "Obesity does have a major impact on children's health, but it's too early to conclude that obese girls are at greater risk than boys based on the US study alone. Obesity is definitely harmful to both boys and girls."

 

斯图尔特说,儿童肥胖对不少家庭来说是一个大问题。统计数据显示,英国三分之一年轻人超重或者肥胖。

Stewart said that childhood obesity is a big problem for many families. Statistics show that 1/3 of the young people in Britain are overweight or obese.

 

她建议家长帮助孩子养成良好的饮食与运动习惯,这不仅“可以帮助他们健康成长,而且由此形成的健康习惯也会贯穿他们的一生”。

She advises parents to help their children develop good eating and exercise habits, which not only "can help them grow up healthily, but also the resulting healthy habits will run through their lives."

 

中医养生抗癌三件宝:蛹虫草 金蝉花 壁虎抗癌

Chinese medicine health preserving cancer three treasures: Cordyceps militaris house lizard cicada flower cancer

 

中医养生网健康提醒,研究发现,女性的胖瘦与能否维持正常月经有关,过度肥胖者亦常伴有月经失调(如功血、闭经)。女性正常月经周期中,在排卵前,由于雌激素作用而使子宫内膜增生变厚。女性肥胖,不仅在外形上让女性饱受自卑感,而且身体也会发出抗议。肥胖的女性通常容易得心血管类的疾病,除此之外,子宫类的癌症也容易盯上肥胖女性。

Chinese medicine health network health reminder, the study found that women's obesity and whether to maintain normal menstruation is related to excessive obesity is often accompanied by menstrual disorders (such as dysfunctional uterine bleeding, amenorrhea). In the normal menstrual cycle of women, endometriosis thickens due to estrogen action before ovulation. Female obesity not only gives women a sense of inferiority in appearance, but also protests the body. Obese women are usually susceptible to cardiovascular diseases. In addition, uterine cancers tend to target obese women.